2017年7月20日

What is the Snuff Bottle?

The snuff bottle refers to the container of snuff, the small one can be hold by hand, easy to carry. The late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, snuff afferented into China. The snuff bottle is gradually Oriental, the snuff bottle is produced.

Nowadays people addicted with the habit of snuff almost disappeared, but handed down, the snuff bottle is as a fine art and prosperous, known as the ” pocket art of different countries’ various craftwork”.

China snuff bottles, as the fine arts and crafts, which are made of porcelain, copper, ivory, jade, agate, amber and other materials, the use of blue and white, colorful, carved, nesting, clever, painting techniques, absorb advantages of various domain technology. As cultural treasures, snuff bottles are renowned all over the world.

In the world, China is reputated as “snuff town”, the snuff bottle is famous as its delicately production technology, known as the ” pocket art of different countries’ various craftwork”. The snuff bottle is the container for snuff, snuff is a tobacco product, was originally from western countries, since the late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty, the snuff afferents into China. Medicinal materials are processed into powder to make snuff, smelling snuff can improve eyesight and prevent diseases. Smoking snuff is trendy in each class, and snuff is quickly joined in the Chinese Art style. All kinds of ingenious snuff bottles are developed, shine in the aesthetic process in Qing Dynasty, the snuff bottle has become one of the important features of art of Qing Dynasty.

Snuff is a tobacco product, the process is to bake tobacco, get rid of stem, grind into powder, ferment and add spices. The snuff is inhaled with nose. The snuff became popular in the Europe in 17th, later period came into China. At first, there was no special containers, since the reign of Daoguang in Qing Dynasty, the snuff bottles were made by Yangxin hall of the forbidden city .

There is a small fine spoon under the kettle cover, which is used to scoop smoke powder. During the reign of Kangxi, all kinds of glass, enamelled copper, enamel and other snuff bottles were made. During the reign of Xianfeng, Tongzhi, the government used precious materials significantly reduced, most of snuff bottles are glass and porcelain products. The folk workshop products appeared in large numbers, the models were monotonous, decorative patterns were historical figures, dramatic plot, folk custom and other topics. The inside painted snuff bottles appared in late Qing Dynasty, to anti paint figures, landscapes, flowers and birds on the scrubbed inwall of glsss or crystal snuff bottles, which was called boutique. After 1970s, the development of the inside painted snuff bottles are rapidly.

The snuff bottle is affected by attention, in addition to the practicality of itself, but also has the gifts, identity and other functions. Since the Qing Dynasty, the snuff bottle has only three hundred years of history, because of its small size, suitable for play, has been favored in Western museums and collectors of all ages, and has become one of the most important projects of Chinese modern cultural relics.

The practice of snuffing, derived from tobacco inventor Indians.

The Chinese smell snuff began in the Ming Dynasty. The import of snuff is very little in late Ming Dynasty, only some people smell in Guangdong. After Emperor Kangxi opened sea ban, western missionaries carried a lot of snuff and snuff glass bottles. Smelling snuff becomes fashionable. Emperor Qianlong often flocked to the prince minister, so up and down, gradually sniffing snuff become into social fashion.

Snuff bottle is specially fitted with snuff, in order to carry easily, the general size is just as the pack of cigarettes. During Shun Cheng reign, Cheng Rongzhang made more than twenty pieces of bronze sculptured cloud-dragon snuff bottles, which were the first snuff bottles. Emperor Kangxi loved western craft very much, he absorbed a number of proficient glass snuff bottle making and painting enamel westerners to product snuff bottles in the Forbidden City.During Qianlong dynasty, snuff bottle art arrived in the heyday. Enjoying the snuff bottle became into the fashion, the function of fitting with snuff becomes into the second gradually. During Qianlong reign, snuff bottle had become a display of identity.

Snuff originated in the American Indian, after European adventure travelers to the Americas, they carry it back to Europe, soon very popular. At that time, the court of France, up to the king, Prince, princess, next to the clients, all smell snuff, put this as a kind of fashion.

After sixteenth Century, snuff came through Europe, Philippines and Japan, North Korea into northeast of China, where the nomads on horseback can not smoke by chimney. So snuff are suitable for their smell characteristics in the wild, in order to make snuff bottles strong, not afraid of crashing, herdsmen use all kinds of jade, metal, bone materials to produce snuff bottles. According to historical records at the time of Mongols in the social life, snuff occupies a very important position, whenever guests visit the owner’s tent, the owner must bow with hands holding snuff to the guests, and guests must use his hands to pour a little snuff, smell on the nose for a while, and then returned the snuff bottle to master with both hands. This move is very small, but full of civilized manners, its purpose is to establish mutual respect and trust. Although the snuff and snuff bottle are not born in China, but authentic exotic, but soon after the incoming of China, they are very popular. The first to China foreign snuff bottles were made of glass, Wang Shizhen wrote in his “notes”: “Snuff uses glass bottles to store. The shape of a bottle is various, color has red, yellow, purple, white, black, green and various colors, white as crystal, red as fire, very lovely to play, like tooth is the key, on the trunk, far into the bottle”. But the import number is less, can not meet the needs of the people, clever craftsmen produce exquisite snuff bottles with all kinds of materials, such as emerald, precious stones, ivory, jade, porcelain, lacquerware, aggregate, metal and other materials. The more precious materials of snuff bottles, it can more reflect the identity of the owner. At the beginning of the eighteenth Century, China snuff bottle manufacturing has become a popular arts and crafts, and through the EU businessmen, the Pope of Rome envoys, foreign diplomats and missionaries, officials gradually spread to foreign countries. Tsarist Russia imperial envoy worshiped the emperor Kangxi in China with a large number of precious gifts offered by the emperor Peter. Emperor Kangxi rebated each person snuff bottle by the Royal factory. During Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty, the Chinese snuff bottles as the most precious gift exchange between country with country, spread to overseas, with fame spreading far and wide.

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